HYPERGLYCEMIA
(HIGH BLOOD SUGAR)
VS HYPOGLYCEMIA
(LOW BLOOD SUGAR)
Know the Difference
HIGH BLOOD SUGAR Slow onset Diabetic acidosis LOW BLOOD SUGAR Rapid onset
Warning Signs: Increased thirst and urination Weakness, abdominal pains,
generalized achesHeavy labored breathing Fruit-like odor
Nausea and vomiting
Warning Signs: Excessive sweating, faintness Headache, hunger Pounding of heart, trembling,
blurred visionLoss of appetite
Irritability
Inability to awaken
Personality change
What to Do:Call doctor immediately Give patient fluids without sugar if able to swallow
Test blood frequently for sugar
What to Do:Take food containing sugar
(Orange juice, sugar
sweetened soda or 6-8
lifesavers)Do not give insulinDo not give anything by mouth if not consciousCall doctor
Causes:Too little insulin Failure to follow diet
Infection, fever
Emotional stress
Causes:Too much insulin Not eating enough food
Unusual amount of exercise
Delayed meals